Types of Indian Saree Fabric

In Indian dresses, sarees are top worn costume. Online shopping websites today are offering different types of sarees such as designer sarees, silk sarees, party wear sarees, wedding sarees, cotton sarees, bridal sarees, lehenga sari. Online shopping for women now days is very confusing. You have to decide what type of sari to buy. Fabric, price range, quality and where to buy. Generally, we do shopping from our local markets, shopping malls or online saree shopping.

Once you have decided which type of saree to buy. The next question arises is the material or fabric. The quality of fabric of your costume plays an important role in your saree shopping. You have to be careful as feedbacks from customers of best online shopping sites complaining of cheap quality. Given below is step by step guide for selection best saree material or fabric.

The various types of Fabric available are:


Chiffon is used as fabric materials for sarees, blouses, tops, skirts, designer dresses, evening wear, ribbons, lingerie, shawls and scarves. Chiffon is made from silk, cotton, polyester or synthetic fibers. It is light in weight, plain fabric. . It is difficult to work with, because of its slippery texture. Among the chiffon fabric family, silk chiffon is the king. It is the expensive fabric.  It is made from natural fiber. Cotton fiber is also used to make chiffon which makes it more matte. Commercially synthetic materials are widely used as they goes well with dyeing technique. It is also very cost effective. They are slippery just like silk. Due to these features chiffon is to be hand washed carefully.

So you can select your best saree material for chiffon in above type of chiffon fabrics. Each one of above though belonging to chiffon family has its unique characteristics and cost. Chiffon is mostly preferred as party wear, wedding dress and special occasions.

Cotton sarees

Cotton sarees are the best selling sarees in India. Cotton fabric accounts for at least half of all clothing textiles in the world. As the climate in India is hot and humid, cotton is the natural choice. The raw cotton is cleaned and is refined, before it is spun into thread and woven into cotton fabric on looms. Cotton is the most flexible fabric. In accepts almost all types of dyes and print techniques. Cotton easily blends with other fabric materials. Best example is silk. Types of silk cotton saree are Maheshwari sari, Jamdani sari, Chanderi sari, Kota sari.  It also depends on your draping style which can give an incredible look.

Crepe Sarees

Crepe is a lightweight fabric of silk, cotton, or other fiber, with a finely crinkled or ridged surface. Crepe has a long history. An entire book can be written about its origin and types. It has a gauzy texture and crimpy surface. All types of printing and dying technology goes with this fabric. The different type of crepe fabrics are Aerophane, Albert, Arabian, Alpaca, Balmoral, Borada, Canton, Chiffon, French crepe, Romaine, Spanish, Victoria Crepe and many more. For sarees mainly Goergette and chiffon are popular.

Net Sarees

Net sarees are the all time popular party wear and wedding dress in India. The main usp of this saree is its lightness in weight. The weaving technique is as such, it is looped at intersections. It gives open spaces in between yarns. Fashion designers have crafted rich patterns and embroidery work. The price range is minimum 2000 INR and above depending on quality and brand.

Tissue Sarees

Tissue is a fabric made up of thin ribbons of metallic yarns, mostly of gold, silver or silk. Now a days it is not very expensive as it can be made up of polyster fabric. It is also easy to maintain. It can be washed in machine, dry clean depending on quality of fabric. It is also wrinkle resistant. The most popular selling variety of  tissue saree is cotton and silk. As presently the temperature in Asian region is very hot, cotton is the natural choice. The main highlight of tissue saree is rich combination of bright colors and brocade work on it. The tissue saree is broadly divided in two parts, the main body and pallu.  In some parts of India, tissue saree fabric is woven in fine silk thread.  Tissue sarees are light weight and comfortable.

Brasso Sarees

Brasso fabric is pearl among Indian ethnic wear. Its origin can be found since ancient times. In those days, it used to be costume of royal and rich class people. It is also called as Burnt Out Fabric. Since mid 90’s fashion designers have done excellent work by crafting rich designs and patterns. Now a days the fabric is also affordable, thanks to new manufacturing technologies. For making brasso fabric the process is  acid itch which means burning of the material, the end result is a great textured design or pattern. This technique is applied to sarees, salwar kameez, kurtis and lehengas or ghagaras. Brasso design goes well with mostly all types of fabrics such as velvet, silk, tissue, crepe, corduroy etc. brasso is used in blouse designs, saree pleats to give an elegant touch.

There are many other types of saree fabrics, which I will share in my coming posts. Till then you must have got a glimpse of what Indian traditional saree fabrics are.

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