Glossary of Indian Costumes

There was request from my readers to give a brief on glossary of Indian costumes. In today’s post there is a collection of them. If you are buying traditional Indian costumes for the first time, you may be confused about some terms used. Even some of us doing regular shopping may not be absolute sure of the terms used. It is an effort to give a brief description of important terms.

Get fabulous discounts on flipkart app, click link  below to download :

flipkart

Achkan

It is a ling knee length jacket for men.

Anarkali

An Indian women’s costume. Made up of a long, frock-style top.

Anchal

Anchal or pallu, usually more thickly decorated than the body and it is the end piece of a saree.

Banarasi

It is an type of silk sari from Banarasi city in Utter Pradesh, India.

Bhutta

Are small motifs of threadwork besides a plain ground and usually put in a customary order.

Block print

The blocks are normally hand carved from wood and printed on the cloth in repeat patterns.

Border

Saree with edge, along with the top and bottom lengths of the fabric material.

Chanderi

It is an traditional Indian saree made in city chanderi, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Chaniya choli

It is a traditional clothing of women in Gujarat and Rajasthan, India. It is a combination of different outfits such as lehenga, a stiff choli, and dupatta.

Chikankari

A continuous sew up embroidery from the state of Uttar Pradesh at Lucknow.

Choli

The sari is worn with a alike or different blouse called a choli. It is a form-fitting top with short sleeves.

Chudidar

It is an tightly fitting pant worn by both men and women in India.

Dhoti

It is an traditional Indian men’s costume.

Gauze

It is a light weight and soft weave that is more or less clear.

Gharchola

The word gharchola indicate “from the home” – a typically patterned sari style from Gujarat and Rajasthan with large zari checks and bandhni tie-dye work.

Handloom

It is a tool for weaving textiles. It is handmade process of weaving a saree.

Ikat

The threads are first dyed in patterns and then strung up on loom so that the patterns emerge as the cloth is woven. Also known as bandhna in Orissa, India.

Jacquard

It is an extremely ornamented cloth in which the design is incorporated into the weave as a substitute of being printed or dyed on.

Kalamkari

A style of hand drawing with dyes on cloth.

Khadi

It is a for handspun and hand-woven garment.

Handloom

It is a machine used for weaving fabric.

Lugade

A saree called in Maharashtra.

Muslin

An stable and simple plain weave fabric that is woven from slightly irregular fibers, producing a soft and supple cloth that is absorbent and comfortable in the heat.

Pallu

Another word for end piece or anchal, it is the ornamental end piece of the sari.

Paithani

A type of silk saree in Maharashtra.

Petticoat

It is an traditional women’s costume worn along with saree. It is also called as Parker or ghagara.

Pleats

When draping the sari, most of the fabric length is taken up in a series of pleats and then centrally tucked in the petticoat, at the waist. The pleats permit easier walking and give the garment its elegant look.

Pagadi

Resham work

It is embroidery done with coloured silk thread.

Resist dying

Usage of blocks to print cloth with wax before immersing in the dye.

Sherwani

A long coat like costume, similar to ackan.

Thread count

Number of picks or threads per linear inch.

Threadwork

embroidery created by the weaving of different colored threads other than zari.

Tie-Dye

An ancient technique of tying cloth in patterns before dipping it in a dye bath. Rajasthan and Gujarat are famous for their brilliant tie-dyes called Bandhni sarees.

Tribal

Different styles of sarees that are traditional to the village of their origin. Tribal prints are rough, geometric and bold.

Viscose

It is created from a combination of natural and man-made components, has a silky appearance and feel, and has the ability to breathe in a manner similar to cotton.

Warp

It means Lengthwise fibers of the cloth.

Weft

the widthwise fibers of the cloth.

Zardozi

An embroidery that has glittering ornate and heavily encrusted with gold thread work.

Zari

It is a thread traditionally made of fine gold or silver used in traditional Indian garments.

 

If you find this article helpful, please share with your loved ones by clicking on any of the social sharing buttons. You can also give us a feedback or comment by filling the box below. To receive posts, subscribe to our blog.  Your feedback is important for us to share quality information on beauty and lifestyle updates.